Bauxite 101 | The Bauxite Index
Bauxite Reserves. The top 5 countries, Guinea, Australia, Brazil, Vietnam and Jamaica, hold over 70% of the world''s documented bauxite reserves. Bauxite resources are estimated to be 55 billion to 75 billion tons, in Africa (32%), Oceania (23%), South America and the Caribbean (21%), Asia (18%), and elsewhere (6%) apter 2. Production and Processing of Aluminum1999-5-7 · Bauxite occurs mainly in the tropics and in some Mediterranean countries. Today, the main mining locations are in Latin America, Australia, India, and Africa. Bauxite is a weathered rock containing two forms of hydrated aluminum oxide, either mostly a monohydrate AlO(OH) in caustic bauxite, or mostly a trihydrate Al(OH) 3 in lateric bauxite.